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International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification
IF: 0.967 5-Year IF: 1.301 SJR: 0.531 SNIP: 0.8 CiteScore™: 1.52

ISSN Print: 2152-5080
ISSN Online: 2152-5099

Open Access

International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification

DOI: 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2013004121
pages 1-20

A MATHEMATICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR MULTIFIDELITY DESIGN AND ANALYSIS WITH COMPUTER MODELS

Douglas Allaire
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Karen Willcox
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

ABSTRACT

A multifidelity approach to design and analysis for complex systems seeks to exploit optimally all available models and data. Existing multifidelity approaches generally attempt to calibrate low-fidelity models or replace low-fidelity analysis results using data from higher fidelity analyses. This paper proposes a fundamentally different approach that uses the tools of estimation theory to fuse together information from multifidelity analyses, resulting in a Bayesian-based approach to mitigating risk in complex system design and analysis. This approach is combined with maximum entropy characterizations of model discrepancy to represent epistemic uncertainties due to modeling limitations and model assumptions. Mathematical interrogation of the uncertainty in system output quantities of interest is achieved via a variance-based global sensitivity analysis, which identifies the primary contributors to output uncertainty and thus provides guidance for adaptation of model fidelity. The methodology is applied to multidisciplinary design optimization and demonstrated on a wing-sizing problem for a high altitude, long endurance vehicle.