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International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification
Simplex Stochastic Collocation for Piecewise Smooth Functions with Kinks
Most approximation methods in high dimensions exploit smoothness of the function being approximated. These methods provide poor convergence results for non-smooth functions with kinks. For example, such kinks can arise in the uncertainty quantification of quantities of interest for gas networks. This is due to the regulation of the gas flow, pressure, or temperature. But, one can exploit that for each sample in the parameter space it is known if a regulator was active or not, which can be obtained from the result of the corresponding numerical solution. This information can be exploited in a stochastic collocation method. We approximate the function separately on each smooth region by polynomial interpolation and obtain an approximation to the kink. Note that we do not need information about the exact location of kinks, but only an indicator assigning each sample point to its smooth region. We obtain a global order of convergence of $(p+1)/d$, where $p$ is the degree of the employed polynomials and $d$ the dimension of the parameter space.
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