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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.19 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Print: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v13.i3-4.40
pages 299-313

THERMAL PLASMA GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS FOR FUEL GAS PRODUCTION

Milan Hrabovsky
Institute of Plasma Physics, Academy of Sciences Za Slovankou 3, 182 00, Prague
M. Hlina
Institute of Plasma Physics, ASCR,, Za Slovankou 3, Prague 8
M. Konrad
TECOSIM Technische Simulation Gmbh Robert-Bosch-Str. 10, D-50769 Collogne, Germany; and Institute of Plasma Physics, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00, Praha 8, Czech Republic
Vladimir Kopecky
Thermal Plasma Department, Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3, 18200, Praha 8, Czech Republic
T. Kavka
Thermal Plasma Department, Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3, 18200, Praha 8, Czech Republic
O. Chumak
Thermal Plasma Department, Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3, 18200, Praha 8, Czech Republic
A. Maslani
Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3 182 00 Prague 8

ABSTRACT

Thermal plasma offers possibility of decomposition of biomass by pure pyrolysis in the absence of oxygen, or with steichiometric amount of oxygen (gasification) to produce mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The paper analyses energy balance of biomass plasma gasification and presents results of experiments in plasma reactor with water stabilized plasma torch. Heat needed for production of syngas was determined from heats of combustion and thermo-dynamic analysis of all processes in the reactor. Oxygen and carbon dioxide were added in experiments as oxidizing mediums to reduce production of solid carbon from the surplus of carbon in treated biomass. Production of higher hydrocarbons was suppressed due to higher temperatures and high level of UV radiation in the reactor volume. Syngas with high content of hydrogen and carbon monoxide and very low content of carbon dioxide was produced. Very low content of complex hydrocarbons and tar was detected.


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