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International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
IF: 1.016 5-Year IF: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Print: 1543-1649
ISSN Online: 1940-4352

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.2014011519
pages 549-566

A SIMULATION-BASED UPSCALING TECHNIQUE FOR MULTISCALE MODELING OF ENGINEERING SYSTEMS UNDER UNCERTAINTY

Recep Gorguluarslan
G. W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Seung-Kyum Choi
G. W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

ABSTRACT

A simulation-based upscaling procedure is proposed to construct coarse-scale representation of a fine-scale model for use in engineering systems. The complexity of the fine-scale heterogeneity under uncertainty is replaced with the homogenized coarse-scale parameters by seeking agreement between the responses at both scales. Generalized polynomial chaos expansion is implemented to reduce the dimensionality of propagating uncertainty through scales and the computational costs of the upscaling method. It is integrated into a hybrid optimization procedure with the genetic algorithm and sequential quadratic programming. Two structural engineering problems that involve uncertainties in elastic material properties and geometric properties at fine scales are presented to demonstrate the applicability and merit of the proposed technique.