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International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
IF: 1.016 5-Year IF: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Print: 1543-1649
ISSN Online: 1940-4352

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.2018026895
pages 345-366

AN ADAPTIVE REDUCED-DIMENSIONAL DISCRETE ELEMENT MODEL FOR DYNAMIC RESPONSES OF GRANULAR MATERIALS WITH HIGH-FREQUENCY NOISES

Xinran Zhong
Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University, New York, USA; School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
WaiChing Sun
Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University, New York, USA

ABSTRACT

We present a dimensional-reduction framework based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) for the nondissipative explicit dynamic discrete element method (DEM) simulations. Through Galerkin projection, we introduce a finite dimensional space with lower number of degree of freedoms such that the discrete element simulations are not only faster but also free of high-frequency noises. Since this method requires no injection of artificial or numerical damping, there is no need to tune damping parameters. The suppression of high-frequency responses allows a larger time step for faster explicit integration. To capture the highly nonlinear behaviors due to particle rearrangement, an automatic mode-update scheme is formulated such that the most efficient basis can be used to predict mechanical responses. Numerical examples including the wave propagation simulations and uniaxial extension and compression tests are used to demonstrate the capacity of the reduced-order model.


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