Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal
ESCI SJR: 0.244 SNIP: 0.434 CiteScore™: 0.7

ISSN Print: 1940-2503
ISSN Online: 1940-2554

Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/ComputThermalScien.v1.i2.40
pages 159-187

3D NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE EFFECT OF DROPLET INITIAL CONDITIONS ON THE EVAPORATION PROCESS

M. M. Abou Al-Sood
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
Madjid Birouk
Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 5V6 Canada

ABSTRACT

A three-dimensional numerical model is developed to simulate the effect of a droplet's initial conditions on the vaporization process in a turbulent convective environment at ambient pressure and temperature higher than the standard conditions. A hydrocarbon (n-heptane) droplet with two different initial diameters, 0.1 mm and 1.5 mm, and initial temperatures, 253 K and 320 K, is examined. The droplet is exposed to turbulent stream of nitrogen with a mean velocity of 2 m/s, and turbulence intensity ranging between 0 and 60%. The ambient pressure and temperature range is between 0.5 MPa and 4 MPa and 324 K and 1350 K, respectively. The numerical model solves the complete set of time-dependent conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, and species concentration in both the gas phase and liquid phase. The turbulence terms in the conservation momentum (RANS) equations of the gas phase are modeled by using the shear stress transport model. Variable thermophysical properties, gas and liquid phase transients, and radiation are all accounted for. Moreover, the effect of high pressure such as nonideal gas behavior, solubility of ambient gas into the droplet, and pressure dependence of gas- and liquid-phase thermophysical properties are also considered.