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Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal
ESCI SJR: 0.249 SNIP: 0.434 CiteScore™: 0.7

ISSN Print: 1940-2503
ISSN Online: 1940-2554

Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/ComputThermalScien.2017019798
pages 423-445

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFERS BY NATURAL CONVECTION DURING WATER EVAPORATION IN A VERTICAL CHANNEL

Olfa Mechergui
LAMPS, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France; LETTM, Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 1060 Tunis, Tunisie; Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences de Bizerte, Université du 7 Novembre Carthage, 7021 Jarzouna, Tunisie
Xavier Chesneau
Laboratoire de Mathématiques et Physique LAMPS, Université de Perpignan via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex 9, France
Ali Hatem Laatar
LETTM, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, 1060 Tunis, Tunisia; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of the 7th November at Carthage, 7021 Jarzouna-Bizerte, Tunisia; Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences of Tabuk, Tabuk University 71491, Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with a numerical study of coupled heat and mass transfer by natural convection during water evaporation in a vertical or inclined channel. This channel is asymmetrically heated with a uniform heat flux. The unsteady two-dimensional Navier-Stokes, energy, and species equations are integrated by a finite volume approach and then solved using the projections method. The aim of this work is to conduct a detailed numerical study to analyze the effects of physical parameters, such as flux density imposed at the wall, the relative humidity, the air temperature at the entrance of the channel, and the inclination angle effects. The numerical results, including the distributions of dimensionless axial velocity, temperature, and concentration distributions, Nusselt number as well as Sherwood number are presented.


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