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Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal
ESCI SJR: 0.244 SNIP: 0.434 CiteScore™: 0.7

ISSN Print: 1940-2503
ISSN Online: 1940-2554

Computational Thermal Sciences: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/ComputThermalScien.2012005476
pages 1-10

LARGE-EDDY SIMULATION OF A BUOYANT PLUME PAST A BLUFF BODY: EFFECTS OF FLOW STRUCTURES ON ENTRAINMENT CHARACTERISTICS

Hitoshi Suto
Fluid Dynamics Sector, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko-city, Chiba, 270-1194, Japan
Yasuo Hattori
Fluid Dynamics Sector, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko-shi, Chiba, 270-1194, Japan

ABSTRACT

A large-eddy simulation of a buoyant plume past a bluff body (BB) is performed. The modified Rayleigh number based on the total heat input and the diameter of a BB is set at 1.2×1010. Distributions of basic statistics showed that the existence of a BB greatly varies the spatial structures of momentum and energy transport, although they gradually approached distributions corresponding to the similarity law for a fully developed plume when z/D > 2.5 (z: vertical position from a heat source, D: BB diameter) since the influence of a BB becomes weaker there. Then, the relationship between entrainment and flow structures was investigated and the entrainment coefficient was found to be locally large right above a BB owing to stationary horizontal flows and azimuthal vortices. Moreover, in the case of an insulated BB, some azimuthal vortices were formed in the process of developing a plume, 1.0 < z/D < 2.0, owing to both weak buoyancy and BB effects, and it is suggested that they are linked to the increase of entrainment there.


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