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Atomization and Sprays

Impact factor: 1.235

ISSN Print: 1044-5110
ISSN Online: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v9.i6.40
pages 623-650


Jennifer C. Beale
Engine Research Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Rolf D. Reitz
Engine Research Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Rm 1018A, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA


An improved spray atomization model is presented for use in both diesel and gasoline spray computations. The KH-RT hybrid atomization model consists of two distinct steps: primary and secondary breakup. The Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability model was used to predict the primary breakup of the intact liquid core of a diesel jet. The secondary breakup of the individual drops was modeled with the Kelvin-Helmholtz model in conjunction with the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) accelerative instability model. A modification was made to the KH-RT hybrid model that allowed the RT accelerative instabilities to affect all drops outside the intact liquid core of the jet. In previous implementations, only the drops beyond the breakup length are affected by RT breakup. Furthermore, a Rosin-Rammler distribution was used to specify the sizes of children drops after the RT breakup of a parent drop. The modifications made to the KH-RT hybrid model were found to give satisfactory results and to improve the temperature dependence of the liquid fuel penetration of the diesel sprays significantly. The KH-RT model was also found to predict the spray shape, penetration, and local SMD of hollow-cone sprays as well as previous gasoline spray models based on the TAB model.