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Atomization and Sprays
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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v9.i3.40
pages 291-312

PRIMARY BREAKUP OF NONTURBULENT ROUND LIQUID JETS IN GAS CROSSFLOWS

J. Mazallon
Department of Aerospace Engineering, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Z. Dai
Department of Aerospace Engineering, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
G. M. Faeth
Department of Aerospace Engineering, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2140, USA

ABSTRACT

An experimental investigation of primary breakup of nonturbulent round liquid jets in gas crossflows is described. Pulsed shadowgraph measurements of jet primary breakup regimes, jet deformation properties, time of onset of primary breakup, and liquid column and liquid surface disturbance wavelengths were obtained for air crossflows at normal temperature and pressure, the test range included crossflow Weber numbers of 0−200, liquid jet Weber numbers of 0−1,600,000, liquid jet Reynolds numbers of 0−800,000, liquid/gas momentum ratios of 100−8000, liquid/gas density ratios of 700−1100, and Ohnesorge numbers of 0.00006−0.3. The results suggest qualitative similarities between the primary breakup of nonturbulent round liquid jets in crossflows and the secondary breakup of drops, with relatively little effect of the liquid/gas momentum ratio over the present test range. Effects of liquid viscosity were also small for Ohnesorge numbers less than 0.1, but larger Ohnesorge numbers modified primary breakup because unusually long ligaments developed that also are seen during the secondary breakup of drops.