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Atomization and Sprays
IF: 1.262 5-Year IF: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN Print: 1044-5110
ISSN Online: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v15.i2.40
pages 169-180


H. Lohner
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
C. Czisch
University Bremen, Chemical Engineering Departmen, Badgasteiner Str. 3 D-28359 Bremen, Germany
P. Schreckenberg
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Udo Fritsching
Department of Particles and Process Engineering, University of Bremen; Foundation Institute of Materials Science, Badgasteiner Str. 3, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
Klaus Bauckhage
Chemical Engineering Department, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany


Specific melt types have high viscosity and comparably low surface tension. Therefore, conventional twin-fluid atomization of these viscous melts for powder production often results not in spherical particles but in a great amount of fiber material. In this investigation, viscous mineral melts are atomized in a pilot plant by means of hot gases for spherical particle granulation. Experimental results show that an almost fiber-free product (97% spherical powder) can be obtained. Usually, the atomization process is controlled by the gas pressure only (here before the expansion in the atomizer nozzle). For constant atomization pressure the mass median diameter of the powder yield decreases with increasing atomization gas temperature.
Numerical simulations of the gas flow field in the atomizer vicinity support the analysis of the melt fragmentation process by obtaining the gas temperature distribution and the gas flow conditions within the atomization process. Simulations for different atomizer nozzle designs and several operating conditions have been realized. From the discussion of the experimental results together with the results of the simulations, the relevant shear process between the melt jet and the atomization gas, characterized by the Reynolds number, can be determined as the main driving mechanism of the atomization and spheroidization process.