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Atomization and Sprays
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ISSN Print: 1044-5110
ISSN Online: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v18.i1.20
pages 49-83

UNSTEADINESS IN EFFERVESCENT SPRAYS: A NEW EVALUATION METHOD AND THE INFLUENCE OF OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS

Jan Jedelsky
Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of the thermodynamics and environmental engineering, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
Miroslav Jicha
Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of the thermodynamics and environmental engineering, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic

ABSTRACT

A new evaluation method of unsteadiness of the spray generated by an effervescent atomizer is presented. The method is based on measurements of pressure fluctuations in the atomizer mixing chamber. Measurements, made under different atomizer operational conditions, show that the spray unsteadiness depends mainly on gas-to-liquid ratio (GLR). Decrease in GLR causes the spray to become more unsteady. The relation between atomizer internal two-phase flow pattern and the spray unsteadiness is elucidated by visualization of the internal two-phase flow using a digital camera and the use of published two-phase flow maps. Findings of the new method are complemented and confronted with the results obtained by the use of the spray unsteadiness evaluation method of Edwars and Marx.


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