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Atomization and Sprays

Impact factor: 1.235

ISSN Print: 1044-5110
ISSN Online: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v9.i1.30
pages 51-68


P. A. Strakey
Air Force Research Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, California, USA
Douglas Talley
USAF Research Lab


The objective of this study is to determine the effect of manifold cross-flow on the discharge coefficient and cavitation characteristics of sharp-edged orifices over a wide range of flow rates, back pressures, and cross-flow velocities. The geometries studied cover a range of orifice diameters, length-to-diameter ratios, and orifice angles characteristic of impinging-element liquid rocket injectors. Experimental results for an orifice angle of 90° with respect to the manifold are presented. Along with the experimental effort, an analytical model has been developed. The model predicts the discharge coefficient for a sharp-edged orifice over a wide range of flow regimes including cavitating and noncavitating flow, and for a wide range of orifice geometries. The analytical model generally shows good agreement with the experimental data over the range of conditions studied here. The model also closely follows the experimental data for cavitating flow except when the orifice length-to-diameter ratio is small, in which case the model overpredicts the discharge coefficient.