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International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment
SJR: 0.195 SNIP: 0.659 CiteScore™: 1.2

ISSN Print: 2150-3621
ISSN Online: 2150-363X

International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment

Formerly Known as Clean Air: International Journal on Energy for a Clean Environment

DOI: 10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.2015014117
pages 35-46

WOOD-SAVING STOVES: AN OPPORTUNITY FOR HOUSEHOLDS TO SWITCH TECHNOLOGY AND CONTRIBUTE TO REDUCTION OF DEFORESTATION AND CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION. THE CASE OF KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA

Francis X. Mkanda
Sustainable Land Management Project-Kilimanjaro, P.O. Box 3070, Tanzania
Stephen Mutimba
Camco Advisory Services Ltd., Kenya
Iddi Mwanyoka
Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, University of Dodoma, Tanzania
Richard Kibulo
Camco Advisory Services Ltd., Kenya
Agrey Mawole
Moshi Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACT

This study examines the energy-consumption pattern in the Kilimanjaro Region in the context of the energy-switch principle and its potential contribution to reduction of deforestation and carbon dioxide emission. Such information will be useful in designing an energy-improvement strategy on emissions reduction linked to a carbon-credit-earning scheme, preferably through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) "Millennium Development Goal Carbon Initiative," and other carbon markets. The results show that the preferred energy source is firewood, and a majority of respondents are still using 3-stone stoves. Wood-saving stoves are reducing firewood consumption and carbon dioxide emission by 51%, which is an opportunity to contribute to combating deforestation, land degradation, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission and benefit from the Carbon Initiative. However, considering the high transaction and distribution costs of energy-saving technologies in Tanzania, this opportunity will only be meaningful if the government removed such constraints.


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