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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
IF: 1.841 5-Year IF: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN Print: 1045-4403
ISSN Online: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v21.i4.40
pages 337-346

New Insights into the Pathogenesis of Tuberculosis Revealed by Mycobacterium marinum: The Zebrafish Model from the Systems Biology Perspective

Wanyan Deng
Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Infectious Diseases (Ministry of Education), Institute for Viral Hepatitis, Department of Infectious Diseases, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China
XieMei Tang
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Enviroment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Manmei Hou
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Enviroment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Chunmei Li
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Enviroment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Jianping Xie
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, Key Laboratory of Ecoenvironments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing 400715, China

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis remains a worldwide health concern, largely due to the emergence of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) and extensive-drug-resistant (XDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis co-infection with HIV. The exact mechanism of Mycobacterium virulence, pathogenesis, and persistence is not fully understood. The hallmark of tuberculosis, granulomas are promoted by Mycobacterium virulence factors, and they have long been considered a structural advantage to the host. However, this traditional view has been challenged recently, largely due to the evidence originating from the M. marinum-zebrafish model. As a genetically tractable model, zebrafish provide unprecedented opportunities to address the pathogenesis of tuberculosis from a systems biology perspective. The latest data from this model are summarized in this review, special attention is given to the shared pathway and network between zebrafish and humans. This research serves to deepen our understanding of this complex process and to promote the discovery of better countermeasures against tuberculosis.


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