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Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
IF: 2.156 5-Year IF: 2.255 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.599 CiteScore™: 3

ISSN Print: 1045-4403
ISSN Online: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2020030714
pages 285-289

Association of Interleukin 10 (IL-10) Gene with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Its Promotor Region G/A 1082

Shagufta Naz
Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
Nida Shafique
Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Saima Sharif
Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Farkhanda Manzoor
Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Sher Zaman Saifi
COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Punjab, Pakistan
Sabika Firasat
Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Haiba Kaul
University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine with lower circulating levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Cytokines such as IL-10 downregulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which impair proper function of insulin. So any mutation in the IL-10 gene results in increased production of proinflammatory cytokines, which in turn affect insulin action and cause T2DM. In this study, a polymorphism (rs1800896) in the gene (IL-10) and its association with T2DM was determined with the amplification-refractory mutation system with PCR (ARMS-PCR). Study subjects were divided in two groups, control and T2DM. DNA was extracted from blood, and ARMS-PCR was performed by using specific primers for the promoter region. An amplified product was obtained at 258 base pairs (bp). In the control group, heterozygous bands with both alleles (A/G) were present, whereas AA and GG homozygosity was observed in the T2DM group. This polymorphism (rs1800896) in the IL-10 gene is associated with T2DM. Physical measurements were also obtained, and significant differences between the groups were determined with an independent t-test. Significance was based on a p-value level of 0.05 or less, and highly significant was based on a p-value of 0.01 or less at 95% confidence interval.

KEY WORDS: ARMS-PCR, T2DM, DM, IL-10 gene

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