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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.211 5-Year IF: 1.394 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i4.10
28 pages

Medicinal Value of Culinary-Medicinal Maitake Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S.F. Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae). Review.

Cun Zhuang
Mushroom Wisdom Inc., 1 Madison Street, Building F, East Rutherford, NJ 07073, USA
Solomon P. Wasser
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine; International Center for Cryptogamic Plants and Fungi, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel


Grifola frondosa (Maitake) is a culinary—medicinal mushroom found in some parts of Europe, North America, and Asia. It usually grows naturally on and around the roots of various kinds of deciduous trees. In Japan, it was found in the northern part, and wild G. frondosa was served only at top-class restaurants because of its good flavor, crisp texture, and excellent aroma. Since the mid-1980s, the development of successful cultivation methods has led to its availability in large-scale production and extensive research. The main research on G. frondosa has been conducted in antitumor, anti-HIV, antihypertension, antidiabetes, antihyperlipemia, and antiobesity, and the results demonstrated that G. frondosa is one of the most bioactive, safe mushrooms. In this article, the artificial cultivation and the physicochemical and pharmacological properties of G. frondosa are described in detail.