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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Medicinal Value of Culinary-Medicinal Maitake Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S.F. Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae). Review.
Mushroom Wisdom Inc., 1 Madison Street, Building F, East Rutherford, NJ 07073, USA
Solomon P. Wasser
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine; Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, 199 Abba Khousi Ave., Mt. Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel
Grifola frondosa (Maitake) is a culinarymedicinal mushroom found in some parts of Europe, North America, and Asia. It usually grows naturally on and around the roots of various kinds of deciduous trees. In Japan, it was found in the northern part, and wild G. frondosa was served only at top-class restaurants because of its good flavor, crisp texture, and excellent aroma. Since the mid-1980s, the development of successful cultivation methods has led to its availability in large-scale production and extensive research. The main research on G. frondosa has been conducted in antitumor, anti-HIV, antihypertension, antidiabetes, antihyperlipemia, and antiobesity, and the results demonstrated that G. frondosa is one of the most bioactive, safe mushrooms. In this article, the artificial cultivation and the physicochemical and pharmacological properties of G. frondosa are described in detail.
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