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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018025883
pages 227-242

ITS1/5.8S/ITS2, a Good Marker for Initial Classification of Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes) Strains in China

Xiao-Xia Song
Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Research Center for Edible Fungi, National R&D Center for Edible Fungi Processing, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Yan Zhao
Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Research Center for Edible Fungi, National R&D Center for Edible Fungi Processing, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Chun-Yan Song
Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Research Center for Edible Fungi, National R&D Center for Edible Fungi Processing, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Chuan-Hua Li
National Engineering Research Center of Edible Fungi, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Key Laboratory of Edible Fungal Resources and Utilization (South), Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201403, China
Ying Song
Institute of Edible Fungi, Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China
Ming-Jie Chen
Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Research Center for Edible Fungi, National R&D Center for Edible Fungi Processing, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Da-Peng Bao
National Engineering Research Center of Edible Fungi, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Key Laboratory of Edible Fungal Resources and Utilization (South), Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201403, China
Qi Tan
National Engineering Research Center of Edible Fungi, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Key Laboratory of Edible Fungal Resources and Utilization (South), Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding of Shanghai, Institute of Edible Fungi, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201403, China

ABSTRACT

China is home to rich wild and cultivated strains of Lentinus edodes, an important edible and medicinal mushroom. Artificial selection of L. edodes has a long history, and the widely cultivated strains belong to populations different from those of most wild strains. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions have been used as good markers to identify L. edodes populations. But because ITS regions exhibit incomplete concerted evolution, the use of an ITS to identify L. edodes populations has been questioned. The objective of this study was to determine whether the ITS region is suitable for identifying L. edodes populations and which populations the widely cultivated strains and the most wild strains belong to by investigating intraindividual and differential ITS polymorphisms between 44 cultivars and 44 wild strains of L. edodes in China. Intraindividual ITS polymorphism is common in L. edodes strains, and most strains possessed 2 different ITS sequences, which came from their heterokaryons. The genetic polymorphisms of ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 in L. edodes strains are distinct. All strains were divided into one 5.8S type (5.8S-A), 2 ITS1 types (ITS1-A and ITS1-B), and 2 ITS2 types (ITS2-A and ITS2-B), which were subdivided into 2 branches (ITS2-A1 and ITS2-A2; ITS2-B1 and ITS2-B2). ITS1/5.8S/ITS2 could be used as a good marker in preliminary classification of L. edodes strains in China. It not only exhibited classified information of ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 for each strain at the same time, it also indicated whether the strain was heterozygous. The 44 cultivated strains were mainly the A/A/A1 type, and the 44 wild strains were mainly the A/A/A2 and other mixed types.


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