Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.211 5-Year IF: 1.394 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v1.i3.80
pages 251-261

Medicinal Effects and Utilization of Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes) and Isaria Fr. (Mitosporic Fungi) Chinese Caterpillar Fungi, "Tochukaso" (Review)

Takashi Mizuno
Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, 4-13-9 Seinan-Cho, Fujieda-Shi 426-0063, Japan

ABSTRACT

Cordiceps (Fr.) Link species (Tochukaso in Japanese, Chinese caterpillar fungi) are a parasite on cicada larvae that forms its scleotium in the insect larvae. At present, the fruiting bodies of Cordyceps species are not cultivated or cultured. However, cultivation of mycelia of this species that is, C. sinensis (Berk.) Sacc, C. sobolefera (Hill.) Berk, et Br., C. militaris (L.: Fr.) Link, and Isaria japonica Lloyd, etc., becomes relatively easy. Antitumor polysaccharides, galactomannan CI-P and CI-A, were isolated from C. cicadae Shing (Chinese Semitake) parasitic fungus on the larva of Cicada flammata Dist. On the other hand, a remarkable antitumor active β-(l→3)-D-glucan CO-1 and galactosaminoglycan CO-N were isolated from C. ophioglossoides (Ehrh.) Fr. Hanayasuritake. Antitumor polysaccharides such as galactomannan and β-(l→3)-D-glucan were isolated from the insect part and fruit body of C. cicadae. These polysaccharides were shown to have hypoglycemic activity. D-Mannitol, which is a sugar alcohol contained in many plants including fungi and marine algae, was isolated from Cordyceps species. It is said that sugar alcohol and trehalose help to moisten cells and exert cosmetic effects. The cultured hypha extract of Cordyceps species was orally administered and found to produce antifatigue and motor function improving effects.


Articles with similar content:

Antioxidant and Immunomodulating Activities of Exo-and Endopolysaccharide Fractions from Submerged Mycelia Cultures of Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.15, 2013, issue 3
Karthik Marripudi, Cheang Khoo, Sundar Rao Koyyalamudi, Jong Pil Park, Jin Hee Kim, Sang-Chul Jeong, Chi-Hyun Song, J. Margaret Hughes, Trevor Bailey

Anti-inflammatory Activity of Mycelial Extracts from Medicinal Mushrooms
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.16, 2014, issue 4
Hongyu Xu, Zhenming Lu, Yan Geng, Zheng-Hong Xu, Jin-Song Shi, Shuiling Zhu

Sulphur Tuft Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.: Fr.) Murrill (Aphyllophoromycetideae): Bioactive Compounds and Pharmaceutical Effects (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.11, 2009, issue 2
Natasa Radic, Rade Injac

A Review of Pharmacological Activities of Mushroom Polysaccharides
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.1, 1999, issue 3
Vincent Eng Choo Ooi, Fang Liu

Comparative Cytotoxicity and Hemagglutination Activities of Crude Protein Extracts from Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.12, 2010, issue 2
Renee Lay Hong Lim, Suan Li Lee, Jin Ying Leong