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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2017024614
pages 1071-1081

Blood Glucose–Reducing and Fat-Reducing Effects of a Novel Medicinal Mushroom, Grifola gargal (Agaricomycetes)

Etsuko Harada
Department of Immunology, Mie University School of Medicine
Toshihiro Morizono
Department of Immunology, Mie University School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, Japan
Masayoshi Saito
Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan

ABSTRACT

Grifola gargal Singer is a medicinal mushroom with biological effects such as antiatherogenic and antiosteoporotic activities. The objective of this study was to examine a blood glucose–reducing effect and a fatreducing effect of G. gargal supplementation in vivo. The effects of G. gargal powder (GGP) in a high–molecular weight hot water extract (GGH) and a low–molecular weight hot water extract (GGL) on blood glucose were investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic ICR mice (STZ diabetic mice). A significant decrease in blood glucose was observed after 5 weeks of GGL supplementation (fraction with a molecular weight ≤ 6000 Da) in STZ diabetic mice. In the next test, we examined the antihyperglycemic and fat-reducing effects of GGL in diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice fed a high-fat diet. GGL facilitated reductions in blood glucose and body fat. This study confirms, to our knowledge for the first time, that administration of G. gargal extract has antihyperglycemic and body fat–reducing effects in STZ diabetic mice and DIO mice. Therefore, G. gargal is a promising functional food to prevent and treat diabetes and lifestyle-related diseases.


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