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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.211 5-Year IF: 1.394 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i11.50
pages 1055-1060

Anti-Gastric Ulcer Activity of Polysaccharide Fraction Isolated from Mycelium Culture of Lion's Mane Medicinal Mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Higher Basidiomycetes)

Mingxing Wang
Affiliated Hospital, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China; International Collaborative Research Center, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China
Tetsuya Konishi
Affiliated Hospital, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China; Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, Niigata, Japan
Yang Gao
Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, Niigata, Japan
Duoduo Xu
International Collaborative Research Center, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China
Qipin Gao
International Collaborative Research Center, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China

ABSTRACT

Hericium erinaceus is a culinary-medicinal mushroom that is used in traditional medicine, in folk medicine, and as medicinal cuisine in Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. H. erinaceus exhibits various pharmacological properties, such as anti-cancer, immunomodulation, anti-dementia, and anti-gastric ulcer effects. The extracts of the fruiting body of H. erinaceus demonstrate anti-gastritis activity. However, the active principle in the extract, as well as the mechanism to treat gastric ulcers, remains uncertain. The current study aims to identify the active component, with anti-gastric ulcer function, from the extracts of the H. erinaceus mycelium culture. In the experiment, anti-gastric ulcer activity was evaluated using an ethanol-induced ulcer model in mice and with an 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay using MC cell lines. The results suggest that the polysaccharide fraction can significantly decrease the ulcerated area compared with the control group and the effect is fairly dose dependent, irrespective of animal or cell experiments. These results indicate that the polysaccharide fraction is the active component of the H. erinaceus mycelium culture, which protects against gastric ulcers.


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