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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

Impact factor: 1.123

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v2.i1.100
3 pages

The Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms Industry in Australia

Jan Davis
Jawin Associates, P.O. Box 470, Windsor NSW 2756, Australia

ABSTRACT

In 1998-1999, Australian production of cultivated edible and medicinal mushrooms was estimated to be 49,040 tonnes. Twenty companies are responsible for 75% of Australia's Agaricus spp. Mushroom production, with seven companies producing 50% of the total. The mushroom industry is very labor intensive and directly employs an estimated 2500 people throughout Australia. Import of edible and medicinal mushrooms in Australia has fallen from approximately 50% of the market in the mid-1970s to less than 9% in 1998-1999. Small quantities of mushroom product are exported from Australia, mainly to markets in Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Australian annual per capita consumption of edible and medicinal mushrooms jumped from 0.65 kg in 1974 to approximately 2.91 kg in 1998-1999.