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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018028796
pages 1097-1106

Nutritive Value of Desert Truffles Species of Genera Terfezia and Picoa (Ascomycetes) from Arid and Semiarid Regions of Eastern Turkey

Mehmet Akyüz
Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Bitlis Eren University, Bitlis, Turkey
Sevda Kirbag
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

ABSTRACT

Terfezia and Picoa species contained 63-94 kcal energy, 76.93-83.81 g moisture, 0.78-1.52 g ash, 2.19-4.69 g protein, 2.14-9.48 g carbohydrate, 2.54-11.23 g dietary fiber, and 0.96-3.40 g fat per 100 g wet weight. We determined that Terfezia species contain more vitamin E and malondialdehyde than do Picoa species, but the amounts of vitamin A, vitamin C, and β-carotene may vary. Picoa species contain less palmitic and stearic acids but more oleic acid than do Terfezia species. Amino acid analyses revealed that glutamic and aspartic acid were the most abundant. We also noted that Picoa species have larger amounts of glucose and fructose than do Terfezia species. In addition, the elements these mushrooms contain can vary, but they are found at nutritious levels and are below toxic levels.


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