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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
IF: 1.423 5-Year IF: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Print: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i1.70
pages 65-78

Pleurotus opuntiae (Durieu et Lev.) Sacc. (Higher Basidiomycetes) and Other Species Related to Agave and Opuntia Plants in Mexico−Taxonomy, Distribution, and Applications

Marcelo Camacho
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico
Gastón Guzmán
Instituto de Ecologia, Apartada Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
Laura Guzman-Davalos
Departamento de Botanica y Zoologia, Universidad de Guadalajara, Zapopan, Mexico

ABSTRACT

Pleurotus opuntiae is an important mushroom from xerophytic temperate regions of Mexico, as parasite or saprobe on Agave and Opuntia. Discussions on the taxonomic relationships of P opuntiae with P djamor, P. agaves, P. levis, and P. yuccae are presented, of which P. agaves is a synonym of P. opuntiae, and P. yuccae is a synonym of P. djamor. This latter and P levis are close species of P. opuntiae. The traditional uses of P opuntiae and P. djamor as food and remedy for several health problems, and also to get a traditional alcoholic drink from the Agave, are also considered.


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