Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer
ESCI SJR: 0.146

ISSN Print: 2169-2785
ISSN Online: 2167-857X

Open Access

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2019031067
pages 113-121

SURFACE STRUCTURING OF KAPTON POLYIMIDE WITH FEMTOSECOND AND PICOSECOND IR LASER PULSES

Jan Hrabovsky
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, Studentska 95, Pardubice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 2027/3, 121 16 Prague
Chiara Liberatore
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic
Inam Mirza
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic
Juraj Sladek
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Jiri Beranek
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Alexander V. Bulgakov
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; S.S. Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Nadezhda M. Bulgakova
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; S.S. Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

ABSTRACT

Pulsed laser ablation is one of the most efficient and clean methods for high-precision processing and modification of polymers and biomaterials. Polymer ablation has been extensively investigated with ultraviolet lasers while little attention has been given to the infrared (IR) region, which becomes particularly interesting with the recent advances in ultrashort laser technologies. Here, we report the results of a comparative study on 1030-nm ultrashort laser structuring of Kapton polyimide, a polymer important in a variety of applications, with direct comparison of 247-fs and 7-ps laser pulses. The laser-induced damage thresholds for both pulse durations have been determined and the femtosecond laser threshold has been found to be considerably lower than that for picosecond pulses (by a factor of ~ 3.5). Both femtosecond and picosecond laser–produced craters have been thoroughly investigated as a function of pulse energy and focusing conditions. It has been demonstrated that femtosecond laser pulses enable accurate polyimide structuring while picosecond irradiation regimes result in a number of undesired effects such as re-deposition of the ablation debris, surface swelling, and the formation of high rims around the ablation craters. The mechanisms of polyimide ablation with femtosecond and picosecond IR laser pulses are discussed.

REFERENCES

  1. Adhi, K.P., Owings, R.L., Railkar, T.A., Brown, W.D., and Milshe, A.P., Chemical Modification in Femtosecond Ultraviolet (248 nm) Excimer Laser-Processed Polyimide, Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 225, pp. 324-331,2004.

  2. Andrew, J.E., Dyer, P.E., Forster, D., and Key, P.H., Direct Etching of Polymeric Materials Using a XeCl Laser, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 717-719,1983.

  3. Antanaviciute, I., Simatonis, L., Ulcinas, O., Gadeikyte, A., Abakeviciene, B., Tamulevicius, S., Mikalayeva, V., Skeberdis, V.A., Stankevicius, E., and Tamulevicius, T., Femtosecond Laser Micro-Machined Polyimide Films for Cell Scaffold Applications, J. Tissue Eng. Regener. Med., vol. 12, pp. e760-e773,2018.

  4. Arnold, N. and Bityurin, N., Model for Laser-Induced Thermal Degradation and Ablation of Polymers, Appl. Phys. A, vol. 68, pp. 615-625,1999.

  5. Bityurin, N. and Malyshev, A., Bulk Photothermal Model for Laser Ablation of Polymers by Nanosecond and Subpicosecond Pulses, J. Appl. Phys, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 605-613,2002.

  6. Bulgakova, N.M., Zakharov, L.A., Onischuk, A.A., Kiselev, V.G., and Baklanov, A.M., Thermal and Gasdynamic Analysis of Ablation of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) by Pulsed IR Laser Irradiation under Conditions of Nanoparticle Formation, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys, vol. 35, p. 065504,2009.

  7. Bulgakova, N.M., Zhukov, V.P., Meshcheryakov, Y.P., Gemini, L., Brajer, J., Rostohar, D., and Mocek, T., Pulsed Laser Modification of Transparent Dielectrics: What Can Be Foreseen and Predicted by Numerical Simulations, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. C8-C14,2014.

  8. Capadona, J.R., Shanmuganathan, K., Tyler, D.J., Rowan, S.J., and Weder, C., Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Nanocomposites Inspired by the Sea Cucumber Dermis, Science, vol. 319, pp. 370-374,2008.

  9. Carvalho, A.F., Fernandes, A.J.S., Leitao, C., Deuermeier, J., Marques, A.C., Martins, R., Fortunato, E., and Costa, F.M., Laser-Induced Graphene Strain Sensors Produced by Ultraviolete Irradiation of Polyimide, Adv. Funct. Mater., vol. 28, p. 1805271, 2018.

  10. Gallias, L., Bergeret, E., Wang, B., Guerib, M., and Benevent, E., Ultrafast Laser Ablation of Metal Films on Flexible Substrates, Appl. Phys. A, vol. 115, pp. 177-188,2014.

  11. Gomez, D., Goenaga, I., Lizuain, I., and Ozaita, M., Femtosecond Laser Ablation for Microfluidics, Opt. Eng., vol. 44, no. 5, p. 051105,2005.

  12. Guay, J.-M., Villafranca, A., Baset, F., Popov, K., Ramunno, L., and Bhardwaj, V.R., Polarization-Dependent Femtosecond Laser Ablation of Poly-Methyl Methacrylate, New J. Phys, vol. 14, p. 085010,2012.

  13. Guo, X.D., Dai, Y., Gong, M., Qu, Y.G., and Helseth, L.E., Changes in Wetting and Contact Charge Transfer by Femtosecond Laser-Ablation of Polyimide, Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 349, pp. 952-956,2015.

  14. Haq, B.S., Khan, H.U., Alam, K., Mateenullah, M., Attaulah, S., and Zari, I., Femtosecond Pulsed Laser Ablation of Polyimide at Oblique Angles for Medical Applications, Appl. Opt., vol. 54, no. 24, pp. 7413-7418,2015.

  15. Hauer, M., Lippert, T., and Wokaun, A., Nanosecond Surface Interferometry Measurements on Designed and Commercial Polymers, Appl. Phys. A, vol. 79, pp. 1215-1218,2004.

  16. Inada, I., Amaya, T., and Hirao, T., Investigation of Thresholds in Laser-Induced Carbonization of Sumanene Derivatives through In Situ Observation Utilizing a Raman Spectroscope, RSC Adv., vol. 5, pp. 18523-18530,2015.

  17. Kawamura, Y., Toyoda, K., and Namba, S., Effective Deep Ultraviolet Etching of Polymethyl Methacrylate by an Excimer Laser, Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 374-375,1982.

  18. Kumagai, H., Midorikawa, K., Toyoda, K.,Nakamura, S., Okamoto, T., andObara, M., Ablation of Polymer Films by a Femtosecond High-Peak-Power Ti:Sapphire Laser at 798 nm, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 65, no. 14, pp. 1850-1852,1994.

  19. Least, B.T. and Willis, D.A., Modification of Polyimide Wetting Properties by Laser Ablated Conical Microsructures, Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 273, pp. 1-11,2013.

  20. Lin, J., Peng, Z., Liu, Y., Ruiz-Zepeda, F., Ye, R., Samuel, E.L.G., Yacaman, M.J., Yakobson, B.I., and Tour, J.M., Laser-Induced Porous Graphene Films from Commercial Polymers, Nat. Commun., vol. 5, pp. 1-8,2014.

  21. Liu, J.M., Simple Technique for Measurements of Pulsed Gaussian-Beam Spot Sizes, Opt. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 196-198,1982.

  22. Luk'yanchuk, B., Bityurin, N., Himmelbauer, M., and Arnold, N., UV-Laser Ablation of Polyimide: From Long to Ultra-Short Laser Pulses, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B, vol. 122, pp. 347-355,1997.

  23. Malyshev, A.Y. and Bityurin, N.M., Laser Swelling Model for Polymers Irradiated by Nanosecond Pulses, Quantum Electron., vol. 35, pp 825-830,2005.

  24. Masubuchi, T., Tada, T., Nomura, K., Fukumura, H., and Masuhara, H., Laser-Induced Decomposition and Ablation Dynamics Studied by Nanosecond Interferometry. 4. A Polyimide Film, J Phys. Chem. A, vol. 106, pp. 2180-2186,2002.

  25. Millon, S., Perriere, J., and Fogarassy, E., Eds., Recent Advances in Laser Processing of Materials, Kidlington, UK: Elsevier, 2006.

  26. Ortelli, E.E., Geiger, F., Lippert, T., Wei, J., and Wokaun, A., UV-Laser-Induced Decomposition of Kapton Studied by Infrared Spectroscopy, Macromolecules, vol. 33, pp. 5090-5097,2000.

  27. Pettit, G.H. and Sauerbrey, R., Pulsed Ultraviolet Laser Ablation, Appl. Phys. A, vol. 56, pp. 51-63,1993.

  28. Richardson, R.R., Jr., Miller, J.A., and Reichert, W.M., Polyimides as Biomaterials: Preliminary Biocompatibility Testing, Biomaterials, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 627-635,1993.

  29. Roeger, B., Laser Microvia Formation in Polyimide Thin Films for Metallization Applications, Circuit World, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 20-29,2011.

  30. Saleh, B.E.A. and Teich, M.C., Fundamentals of Photonics, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 80-107,1991.

  31. Srinivasan, R. and Mayne-Banton, V., Self-Developing Photoetching of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Films by Far-Ultraviolet Excimer Laser Radiation, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 576-578,1982.

  32. Sroog, C.E., Polyimides, J. Polym. Sci. Macromol. Rev., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 161-208,1976.

  33. Starinskiy, S.V., Shukhov, Y.G., and Bulgakov, A.V., Laser-Induced Damage Thresholds of Gold, Silver and Their Alloys in Air and Water, Appl. Surf. Sci, vol. 396, pp. 1765-1774,2017.

  34. Stuart, B.C., Feit, M.D., Rubenchik, A.M., Shore, B.W., and Perry, M.D., Laser-Induced Damage in Dielectrics with Nanosecond and SubpicosecondPulses, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 74, no. 12, pp. 2248-2251,1995.

  35. Teo, A.J.T., Mishra, A., Park, I., Kim, Y.-J., Park, W.-T., and Yoon, Y.-J., Polymeric Biomaterials for Medical Implants and Devices, ACSBiomater. Sci. Eng., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 454-472,2016.

  36. Urech, L. and Lippert, N., Photoablation of Polymer Materials, in Photochemistry and Photophysics of Polymer Materials, N.S. Allen, Ed., Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 541-568,2010.

  37. Wood, R.M., Laser Damage in Optical Materials, Boston: Hilger, 1986.

  38. Zheng, H., Gan, E., and Lim, G.C., Investigation of Laser via Formation Technology for the Manufacturing of High Density Substrates, Opt. Lasers Eng., vol. 36, pp. 355-371,2001.


Articles with similar content:

EXPLORING CONTROLLABILITY OF THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE BULK SILICON THERMOELECTRIC
ICHMT DIGITAL LIBRARY ONLINE, Vol.0, 2015, issue
Junichiro Shiomi
SURFACE ENHANCEMENT ABSORPTION BY PHONON-PLASMON POLARITONS IN GRAPHENE/HBN/GRATING STRUCTURE
International Heat Transfer Conference 16, Vol.19, 2018, issue
Yong Shuai, Heping Tan, Guohua Zhang, Qinghui Pan, Ruming Pan
POST-PROCESSING OF CERAMIC OXIDE AND METALLIC COATED SURFACES USING MICROWAVE GLAZING
High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes, Vol.21, 2017, issue 1
Mohammad S. Alsoufi, Mohammed Yunus
DUST CLOUD DYNAMICS IN A NON-EQUILIBRIUM PLASMA
Progress in Plasma Processing of Materials, 2003, Vol.0, 2003, issue
W. W. Stoffels, G.V. Paeva, G. M. W. Kroesen, Eva Stoffels, R. P. Dahiya
TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT CHARACTERISTICS OF RAMAN SCATTERING ENHANCEMENT INDUCED BY AU NANOPATTERNS
International Heat Transfer Conference 16, Vol.16, 2018, issue
Jin Jiang, Yixin Chen, Yanan Yue, Yanru Xu