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Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

ISSN Print: 2169-2785
ISSN Online: 2167-857X

Open Access

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2013006838
pages 81-92

INSTABILITY AND RUPTURE OF THIN LIQUID FILMS ON SOLID SUBSTRATES

Vladimir S. Ajaev
Department of Mathematics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275, USA

ABSTRACT

Studies of rupture of thin liquid films on solid surfaces are important for modeling of multiphase flows in microfluidic devices, heat exchange systems, mining industry, and for biomedical applications such as dynamics of the tear film in the eye. In the present study we review theoretical work on film rupture and discuss its comparison with some recent experiments. Conditions for the break-up of thin liquid films by London-van der Waals dispersion forces, electrostatic effects, and thermocapillary instability are discussed.