Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.117 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.17

ISSN Print: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v13.i1.10
26 pages

Determinants, Limiting Factors, and Compensatory Strategies in Gait

Sylvie Nadeau
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, and CRIR, Montreal Rehabilitation Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Denis Gravel
School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, and CRIR, Montreal Rehabilitation Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sandra Jean Olney
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada

ABSTRACT

In the field of rehabilitation, gait evaluation and training is an everyday task confronted by the therapist. To correct gait problems in an efficient manner, an understanding of the relevant gait concepts are essential. It is the purpose of this review to describe and discuss particular biomechanical issues that have consequences on gait training. This article reviews the determinants of gait, with special focus placed on the strength and range of motion (ROM) factors. General considerations are presented, followed by a summary of the specific roles of the sagittal muscle groups in gait. The literature about the associations between muscle weakness, ROM, and normal gait is reviewed, and findings are discussed in relation to the gait pattern. In the second part of the article, descriptions and concepts around the limiting factors and compensatory strategies are presented and discussed. This article is based on relevant literature and our understanding as physical therapists of what is important for rehabilitation specialists to know about the determinants, the limiting factors, and the compensatory strategies in gait.


Articles with similar content:

Rehabilitation in Multiple Sclerosis
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.10, 1998, issue 1
Agnete Jonsson, Mads H. Ravnborg
Rhythm and Music in Rehabilitation: A Critical Review of Current Research
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.23, 2011, issue 1-4
A. Blythe LaGasse, Andrew Knight
The Role of the Neuromuscular System in the Development, Progression, and Rehabilitation of Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.19, 2007, issue 3
Michael J. Berger, Timothy J. Doherty
Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Toward an Integration of the Literature
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.13, 2001, issue 1
Michael A. Ashburn, Akiko Okifuji
Pain in Youth: A Primer for Current Practice
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.16, 2004, issue 1
Joyce M. Engel, Deborah Kartin