Library Subscription: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell Digital Library eBooks Journals References & Proceedings Research Collections
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Print: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v21.i1.10
pages 1-23

Lower Extremity Orthotic Management in Neurologic Rehabilitation

Joseph B. Webster
Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, USA
Mary Ann Miknevich
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center - Mercy, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Phil Stevens
Hanger Prosthetics and Orthotics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Colby Hansen
Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to present a critical review and synthesis of the most current literature regarding the orthotic management of individuals with neurologic conditions. This article covers a broad scope of topics, starting with the basics of orthotic classification and design. A review of the normal gait cycle is followed by a discussion of biomechanical considerations at the ankle, knee, and hip. Orthotic design and function including material and biomechanical considerations are also highlighted, along with gait deviations commonly seen in individuals with both lower motor neuron and upper motor neuron disorders. Specific biomechanical considerations, indications for orthotic management, and orthotic designs relative to these gait patterns are also included.


Articles with similar content:

Rehabilitation of Shoulder Injury in the Throwing Athlete
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.20, 2008, issue 1
William Micheo
The Effects of Footwear on Lower Extremity Joint Loading: A Literature Review
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.26, 2014, issue 3-4
Mary Jesse
Rehabilitation of Neuropathies
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.19, 2007, issue 1
Wolfgang Grisold, Udo Zifko, Andrea Vass, Robert Schmidhammer
Hypoglossal Nerve: Anatomy, Anatomical Variations Comorbidities and Clinical Significance
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.29, 2019, issue 3
Paschalis Stratzias, Dimitrios K. Filippou, Katherine Ploumidou, Stavros Angelis, Panagiotis N. Skandalakis, Nikolaos Georgopapadakos, Arezina Manoli, Alexandros P. Apostolopoulos
Spastic Paretic Gait: An Approach to Evaluation and Treatment
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.7, 1995, issue 3
Lynne R. Sheffler, D. Casey Kerrigan