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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Print: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v18.i4.30
pages 317-342

The Role of Resistance Exercise in Chronic Disease: Prescription Guidelines and Application in Clinical Practice

Stephen P. Bird
Exercise and Sports Science Laboratories, School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
Jack Cannon
Exercise and Sports Science Laboratories, School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia

ABSTRACT

Physical activity has long been recognized as an effective method of preventative therapy that may enhance health outcomes, such as muscular fitness, functional ability, and quality of life. Although much of the efficacy of physical activity as preventative therapy has centered on aerobic exercise, appropriately prescribed resistance exercise has been shown to provide significant improvements in several physiological and psychological parameters. With the beneficial relationship between health factors and chronic disease established, major health organizations have recently developed resistance exercise guidelines; however, few address the specific needs of chronic disease patients. This review defines the role of resistance exercise in chronic disease, with specific reference to cardiovascular disease, breast and prostate cancers, and aging and sarcopenia. The application of the acute program variables, and their influence on exercise prescription and training adaptations, is presented with resistance exercise guidelines and application recommendations provided. It is essential that those involved with resistance exercise prescription for chronic disease patients (i.e., rehabilitation specialists, exercise physiologists) utilize a phase-specific approach in order to optimize the potential health-related benefits associated with resistance exercise. The concepts presented in this review represent an important approach to effective resistance exercise prescription for chronic disease patients.


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