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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

ISSN Print: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v22.i1-4.100
pages 179-139

Rehabilitation for Multiple Sclerosis, in Adults (II); Management and Impact on Impairment, Functioning, and Quality of Life: An Overview

Amparo Martinez-Assucena
Department of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), Hospital Requena, Requena, Spain
Sven-Uno Marnetoft
Rehabilitation Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Ostersund, Sweden
Teresa Roig Rovira
Department of Psychology and Neuropsychology of Guttmann Institute, Barcelona, Spain
Javier Hernandez-San-Miguel
Department of History of Science and Documentation, University of Valencia, Spain
Montserrat Bernabeu
Acquired Brain Injury Department of Guttmann Institute, Barcelona, Spain
Montserrat Martinell-Gispert-Sauch
Acquired Brain Injury Department of Guttmann Institute, Barcelona, Spain

ABSTRACT

Multiple sclerosis (MS) often leads to different levels of severity and progression of impairment and disability and to dissimilar levels of limitation in activities and participation in different social domains, with varying impacts on quality of life (QoL) among people with MS (PwMS). Results have shown that, for PwMS, prioritizing goal setting may enhance adherence to treatment. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation may prolong the functional status level of PwMS, may result in transient improvement in the aspects of impairment features, may increase their participation in activities, and may improve their QoL, even when disease progression is not modified. Single rehabilitation packages of comprehensive care have proven beneficial, such as physiotherapy, which enhances aerobic capacity, strength, pain, mood, mobility, and QoL. Occupational therapy can help reduce the impact of impairment on QoL, especially fatigue. Neuropsychological interventions, such as learning and memory remediation, psychological intervention for depressive disorders, and acquistion of coping skills and self-management techniques help PwMS to adjust to disease and disability. Speech therapy can improve intelligibility of communication. Learning swallowing techniques can help prevent material from entering the airway. Clean intermittent self-catheterization can help prevent urinary tract infections. Power wheelchairs enhance occupational performance and energy conservation. Further vocational rehabilitation settings and research are required for more appropriate interventions due to high unemployment rates among PwMS. Comprehensive care for PwMS should include planning for future independent living and long-term care needs.