ライブラリ登録: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begellデジタルライブラリー 電子書籍 ジャーナル 参考文献と会報 リサーチ集
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
インパクトファクター: 1.241 5年インパクトファクター: 1.349 SJR: 0.519 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 1.61

ISSN 印刷: 0731-8898
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6537

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v29.i2.40
pages 101-111

Protective Effect of Alstonia scholaris Against Radiation-Induced Clastogenic and Biochemical Alterations in Mice

Swafiya Jahan
Radiation and Cancer Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
Pradeep Kumar Goyal
Radiation and Cancer Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302 004, India

要約

We studied the radioprotective effect of Alstonia scholaris bark extract (ASE) on cytogenetic alterations in the form of chromosomal aberrations and micronuclei induction in bone marrow. For this purpose, one group of male Swiss albino mice was exposed to 2.5 Gy gamma radiation to serve as the irradiated control, while the other group received ASE (100 mg/kg bwt/d) orally for 5 consecutive days 30 min before irradiation to serve as the experimental group. Results indicated that dicentrics and chromosomal exchanges were increased at 12 h post-exposure in both groups, followed by a gradual decline and then disappearance by d 15 and 7, respectively. However, the occurrence of chromatid breaks and acentric fragments was also maximum at 12 h, and later decreased without attaining the normal value, even up to the last necropsy interval. The percentage of such aberrations was significantly less in the ASE-pretreated irradiated animals. The incidence of chromosome breaks and centric rings kept increasing up to d 1, but then declined gradually and reached zero beginning at d 7; they were significantly lower in the ASE-treated irradiated group at the early intervals. A significant decrease in glutathione (GSH) and an increase in lipid peroxidation were observed after radiation exposure in untreated controls, whereas ASE-pretreated irradiated animals exhibited a significant increase in GSH and a decrease in lipid peroxidation; however, the values remained below normal. The results from the present study suggest that ASE pretreatment provides protection against radiation-induced chromosomal damage and micronuclei induction in the bone marrow of mice.


Articles with similar content:

Influence of Rosemarinus officinalis Extract on Radiation-Induced Intestinal Injury in Mice
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.29, 2010, issue 3
Pradeep Kumar Goyal, Archana Jindal, Annapurna Agrawal
Emblica officinalis (Linn.) Fruit Extract Provides Protection against Radiation-Induced Hematological and Biochemical Alterations in Mice
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.25, 2006, issue 4
Dhanraj Soyal, Pradeep Kumar Goyal, Inder Singh
Effects of Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa on the Peripheral Blood and Small Intestine of Mice Exposed to Gamma Radiation
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.25, 2006, issue 4
Ponemone Venkatesh, Parampally Archana, Ganesh Chandra Jagetia, Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga, Bhandarkar R. Krishnanand
Protective Role of Perillic Acid Against Radiation−Induced Oxidative Stress, Cytokine Profile, DNA Damage, and Intestinal Toxicity in Mice
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.29, 2010, issue 3
P. Pratheeshkumar, Girija Kuttan, T.J. Raphael
Pancreas Protective Effect of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Imbach (Agaricomycetidae) Extract on Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Dia betes
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.12, 2010, issue 4
Gokhan Bayramoglu, Leonardus Johannes Lambertus Donatus Van Griensven, Mustafa Yamac, Hakan Senturk, Gungor Kanbak, Ali Dokumacioglu, Melih Zeytinoglu