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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
インパクトファクター: 1.352 5年インパクトファクター: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN 印刷: 1040-8401
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2016016222
pages 479-503

Regulatory T-Cell Therapy in Transplantation and Severe Autoimmunity

Maura Rossetti
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Roberto Spreafico
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

要約

Current approaches to prevent or treat transplant rejection, graft-versus-host disease and severe autoimmunity rely on non-specific immunosuppressive drugs. Ongoing efforts aimed at harnessing regulatory T (Treg) cells hold promise for revolutionizing the current therapeutic options, reducing if not abandoning immune suppression in favor of immune tolerance. This paradigm shift carries the potential of dramatically enhancing efficacy, persistency, and specificity while reducing side effects. Here, we review the various strategies devised to manipulate Treg cells in vitro and in vivo, the clinical progress achieved to date, and critical issues that still need to be addressed.