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Hydrobiological Journal
SJR: 0.227 SNIP: 0.901 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN 印刷: 0018-8166
ISSN オンライン: 1943-5991

巻:
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Hydrobiological Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v36.i6.70
13 pages

The Role of Space Information in Solving Hydroeconomic and Hydroecological Problems

A. D. Fedorovskiy
Earth Aerospace Research Centre, Institute of Geological Sciences National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Hydrobiology National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
L. A. Sirenko
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 12, Pr. Geroyev Stalingrada, 04210 Kiev, Ukraine

要約

The methodical principles of space monitoring and control of water bodies, using water-resource Earth satellites with a multispectrum scanning equipment, are described. Spectral characteristics of optical and radioactive parameters and water body components were demonstrated. The new approach to space picture decoding was proposed based on usage of aquatic plant-landscape (phytolandscape) complexes. There are some examples for decoding space pictures of the Dnieper basin sections to assess their ecological state, trophic levels, distribution of chemical ad biological contamination ("water bloom"), multiyear changes in a hydrographic net of urban parts of riverside, levels of spring and summer floods, and consequences of hydrotechnical engineering. The effectiveness of space information used for elucidation of practical tasks of water economy and hydroecology is shown.


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