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Journal of Porous Media
インパクトファクター: 1.752 5年インパクトファクター: 1.487 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.762 CiteScore™: 2.3

ISSN 印刷: 1091-028X
ISSN オンライン: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v15.i7.30
pages 633-646

MODELING OF CONDUCTIVE HEAT TRANSFER IN LOW-DENSITY PVC FOAMS UNDER MECHANICAL LOAD

Dominique Baillis
LaMCoS, INSA-Lyon, CNRS UMR 5259,18-20 Rue des Sciences, F69621 Villeurbanne, France
Remi Coquard
Société "Etude Conseils Calcul Modélisation" (EC2-MODELISATION), 66 Boulevard Niels Bohr, F69603 Villeurbanne, France
P. M. M. Michaud
Etude Conseils Calcul en Mécanique des Structures (EC2MS) Company, 66 Boulevard Niels Bohr, 69603 Villeurbanne CEDEX, France
W. Rambaud
CRYOSPACE (EADS Astrium) Company, 59 Route de Verneuil, 78130 Les Mureaux, France
F. Peyraud
CRYOSPACE (EADS Astrium) Company, 59 Route de Verneuil, 78130 Les Mureaux, France
J. Haviez
CRYOSPACE (EADS Astrium) Company, 59 Route de Verneuil, 78130 Les Mureaux, France

要約

Due to their excellent thermal insulation properties, low-density polyvinyl chloride (PVC) foams find applications in a wide variety of technological fields. They are notably used as thermal insulation in fuel tanks of Ariane rockets at very low temperatures. For this application, a relatively high mechanical strength is also required since the foams undergo significant mechanical loads during the flight. As a consequence, the mechanical strain undergone by the foams may affect their thermal behavior and vice versa, leading to a coupling between the mechanical and thermal properties. That is the reason why, in order to improve the modeling of the mechanical and thermal behaviors and to better understand their mutual influences, an original thermal model has been developed that is based on a shell mesh of the porous structures of PVC foams obtained by X-ray tomography. This permits the quick computation of the temperature field prevailing in the solid and fluid phases constituting the material and of the equivalent thermal transfer properties. The temperature field and thermal properties could then be used as entrance data of a mechanical finite-element computation. The effective thermal conductivities computed for non-deformed structures were compared with various correlations in the literature. Thereafter, the numerical model was applied to deformed structures obtained from mechanical finite-element computations modeling various mechanical loads. The analysis of the results highlights the major modifications of the thermal properties brought by different types of mechanical loads.


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