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Journal of Porous Media
インパクトファクター: 1.49 5年インパクトファクター: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN 印刷: 1091-028X
ISSN オンライン: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v18.i6.10
pages 559-567

NATURAL CONVECTION FROM A CYLINDER IN SQUARE POROUS ENCLOSURE FILLED WITH NANOFLUIDS

Habibis Saleh
School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
Ishak Hashim
School of Mathematical Sciences & Solar Energy Research Institute, Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor DE, Malaysia

要約

The problem of natural convection induced by a temperature difference between an outer porous enclosure and an inner circular cylinder is studied in this paper. The fluid in the porous enclosure is a water-based nanofluids containing Ag, Cu, Al2O3, or TiO2 nanoparticles. The coupled momentum and energy equations have been solved numerically over a wide range of values of the solid volume fraction, the Rayleigh number, the cylinder radius, and various temperature conditions of the bottom wall. It is found that there exists an optimum cylinder radius, below which the increasing cylinder radius increases the strength of flow circulation and above which the cylinder radius decreases the strength of flow circulation. The heat transfer rate increases linearly by increasing the nanoparticles concentration for all cylinder radius and Rayleigh number.


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