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Journal of Porous Media
インパクトファクター: 1.49 5年インパクトファクター: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN 印刷: 1091-028X
ISSN オンライン: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v8.i2.30
pages 125-148

Analytical Solutions and Estimates for Microlevel Flows

F. G. Avkhadiev
Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics, Kazan University, Kazan, Russia
Anvar R. Kacimov
Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 34, Al-Khod 123, Sultanate of Oman

要約

Steady, two-dimensional, viscous, fully developed, laminar flows are studied by the methods of isoperimetric estimations, complex analysis, and asymptotic approximations. The Carman-Kozeny averaging of velocity over the cross-sectional area of a tube is shown to become meaningless for some fractures deviating from "normal" convex shapes. Permeability of constituting tubes is estimated from above and below using a novel characteristic, the momentum of the flow domain about its boundary. Poiseuille-type flows in double-connected and misconnected domains are discussed. Longitudinal and transversal flows through a nonplanar zigzag fracture composed of annular segments are studied by an asymptotic solution of the Poisson equation and an exact solution of the Navier-Stokes equation, correspondingly. The lubrication theory approximation is compared with the case of a nonparabolic velocity profile within the fracture. The influence of tortuosity on permeability is established by calculation of the flux ratio through curved and planar fractures. For the Stokes approximation, a double-periodic combination of plane fractures and circular enlargements is studied using the Rayleigh solution and its generalization. A two-dimensional Darcian flow through a system with regular square occlusions is studied and kinematic channeling is quantified by the travel time along the fastest streamline.