ライブラリ登録: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begellデジタルライブラリー 電子書籍 ジャーナル 参考文献と会報 リサーチ集
International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment
SJR: 0.195 SNIP: 0.435 CiteScore™: 0.74

ISSN 印刷: 2150-3621
ISSN オンライン: 2150-363X

International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment

Formerly Known as Clean Air: International Journal on Energy for a Clean Environment

DOI: 10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.2017018176
pages 57-65

BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY PYROLYSIS OF CASSAVA PEEL IN A FIXED BED REACTOR

Pious Okekunle
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Olukunle E. Itabiyi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Sunday O. Adetola
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Ibraheem O. Alayande
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Hoassan O. Ogundiran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Kehinde G. Odeh
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M.B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria

要約

The development of any nation is largely energy dependent. Major sources of energy are fossil fuels, which are nonrenewable and produce harmful emissions to the environment. Biomass is being considered as a potential alternative to fossils. This research attempted to convert cassava residue (cassava peel) into bio-oil, pyrogas, and char through pyrolysis in a fixed bed reactor. Cassava peel was procured fresh from a cassava milling industry in Ogbomoso, Oyo State, South Western Nigeria. The peel was water washed to reduce alkali metal present, sun dried for 3 days to reduce moisture content, and ground to obtain a uniform size distribution of 2–4 mm. Samples (50 g each) were also oven dried at five drying temperature levels (60, 75, 90, 105, and 120°C) for 30 min. The pyrolysis experiment was carried out at different temperature levels (400, 500, 600, and 700°C) at a residence time of 20 min. The results revealed a maximum tar yield of 44% at 500°C (607deg;C drying temperature), char yield of 34% at 400°C (120°C drying temperature), and pyrogas yield of 64% at 700°C (60°C drying temperature). This study showed that, the cassava peel, which ordinarily creates a nuisance to the environment in developing countries, is a potential source of biofuel and the distribution of its pyrolysis products depends on both drying and reactor temperatures.


Articles with similar content:

HYDROPROCESSING OF AQUEOUS PHASE OF PYROLYSIS OIL OVER NiMo/Al2O3–SiO2 IN MICROCHANNEL REACTOR
Catalysis in Green Chemistry and Engineering, Vol.2, 2019, issue 1
Anil K. Sinha, Mannar R. Maurya, Mukesh K. Poddar, Satyendra Kumar, Pankaj Kumar Das
SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF PERFORMANCE OF COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS TO STEAM, COAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS
Proceedings of the 24th National and 2nd International ISHMT-ASTFE Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (IHMTC-2017), Vol.0, 2017, issue
Chandrakant Dahiphale, Satyam Naidu Vasireddy, Sreenivas Jayanti
RESEARCH OF THE PYROLYSIS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AIMED AT IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THERMAL REACTORS
International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment, Vol.18, 2017, issue 2
Ramil N. Gabitov, Anatoly I. Sokolskiy, Olga B. Kolibaba
COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF A SPARK IGNITION ENGINE FUELED WITH PETROL AND RAW BIOGAS
Proceedings of the 24th National and 2nd International ISHMT-ASTFE Heat and Mass Transfer Conference (IHMTC-2017), Vol.0, 2017, issue
S. K. Hotta, Niranjan Sahoo, Pinakeswar Mahanta, K. Mohanty
THERMODYNAMIC MODELING AND ASSESSMENT OF ALLAM CYCLE UTILIZING NATURAL GAS
4th Thermal and Fluids Engineering Conference, Vol.1, 2019, issue
Yousef Haseli, N. S. Sifat