ライブラリ登録: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begellデジタルライブラリー 電子書籍 ジャーナル 参考文献と会報 リサーチ集
Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
インパクトファクター: 1.841 5年インパクトファクター: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN 印刷: 1045-4403
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6502

Critical Reviews™ in Eukaryotic Gene Expression

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2017018953
pages 63-77

Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Infection in Pakistan: Current Estimate and Major Risk Factors

Aiman Arshad
Department of Bioinformatics & Biotechnology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Usman Ali Ashfaq
Department of Bioinformatics & Biotechnology, Government College University, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan

要約

In Pakistan, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major healthcare problem, with acute and chronic infections responsible for liver damage, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Under the Human Development Index of the United Nations, Pakistan is ranked 134th of 174 countries due to its poor educational and health standards. This study was designed to study HCV and its genotype prevalence in different cities and provinces of Pakistan and describe the major routes of HCV transmission. Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Mendeley, and Google Scholar. Ninety different studies were screened for this review, ranging from those published during the years 2000 to 2013. By calculating the mean average of all studies, it was clear that HCV percentage prevalence in the adult population was 11.55%, blood donors 10.10%, pregnant women 4.65%, children 1.6%, patients with different diseases 24.97%, and injecting drug users had the highest prevalence at 51.0%. HCV genotype 3a prevalence was found to be 63.45%, the highest of all genotypes. The percentage prevalence of HCV found for all of the provinces was Punjab: 5.46%, Sindh: 2.55%, Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: 6.07%, Balochistan: 25.77%, and federally administrated tribal areas: 3.37%. This study shows that the overall prevalence of HCV in the provinces of Pakistan is 8.64% and suggests that the major routes of HCV transmission are reuse of syringes and needles and unchecked blood transfusions. Awareness and economic growth are required to help decrease HCV infection and improve health standards in Pakistan.


Articles with similar content:

National Health Strategies to Reduce Sun Exposure in Australia and the United States
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.14, 2004, issue 3
William B. Long III, Richard Edlich, Daniel G. Becker, Larry S. Nichter, Theodore J. Edlich III, Jed H. Horowitz, Mary Jude Cox, Kathryne L. Winters, L. D. Britt
Clinicopathological Characteristics and Prognoses of Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients after R0 Resection: A Multicenter Study in China
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.37, 2018, issue 1
Fangchao Zheng, Raees Ahmad, Ziyi Wang, Linhan Ye, Fuxing Zhao, Zhibo Liu, Shuisheng Zhang, Guoshuang Shen, Dengfeng Ren, Yuying Li, Yu Zhang, Jie Kan, Jiuda Zhao, Xinfu Ma
Current Perspectives on Novel Drug Carrier Systems and Therapies for Management of Pancreatic Cancer: An Updated Inclusive Review
Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems, Vol.35, 2018, issue 3
Rohit R. Bhosale, Bannimath Gurupadayya, Devegowda Vishakante Gowda, Koganti Venkata Sairam, Riyaz Ali Mahafez Ali Osmani, Rudra Vaghela, Hosahalli Veerabhadrappa Gangadharappa, Parthasarathi Keshavarao Kulkarni
Impact of High Altitude on Clinicopathological Features and Prognosis after R0 Resection for Gastric Cancer: A Population-Based Multicenter Study
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.36, 2017, issue 1
Binghe Xu, Fangchao Zheng, Feng Du, Fei Ma, Hui Chen, Ziyi Wang, Faxiang Ji, Junhui Zhao, Haihong Zhu, Li Dong, Guoshuang Shen, Yang Luo, Yu Zhang, Jiuda Zhao
Cervical Spinal Stenosis in the Setting of Recurrent Shoulder Instability: A Nationwide Review of Records from 2007 to 2014
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.28, 2018, issue 3
Anthony J. Scillia, Anthony Festa, Vincent K. McInerney, Kimona Issa, Jennifer Kurowicki, Arash Emami