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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
インパクトファクター: 1.423 5年インパクトファクター: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 印刷: 1521-9437
ISSN オンライン: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2017024588
pages 89-100

Determination of the Biological Efficiency and Antioxidant Potential of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes), Cultivated Using Different Agro-Wastes in Malaysia

Surya Sudheer
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, Semenyih, Malaysia
Ibrahim Alzorqi
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, Semenyih, Malaysia
Asgar Ali
Centre of Excellence for Postharvest Biotechnology (CEPB), School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, Semenyih, Malaysia
Poh Guat Cheng
Ganofarm Sdn. Bhd, Taman Pelangi, Tanjung Sepat, Selangor, Malaysia
Yasmeen Siddiqui
Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
Sivakumar Manickam
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, Semenyih, Malaysia

要約

This study investigates the cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum using different agricultural biomasses from Malaysia. Five different combinations of rubber wood sawdust, empty fruit bunch fiber, and mesocarp fiber from oil palm, alone and in combination, were used to cultivate G. lucidum. Although all the substrate combinations worked well to grow the mushroom, the highest biological efficiency was obtained from the combination of empty fruit bunch fiber with sawdust. A total yield of 27% was obtained from empty fruit bunch fiber with sawdust, followed by sawdust (26%), empty fruit bunch fiber (19%), mesocarp fiber with sawdust (19%), and mesocarp fiber (16%). The quality of mushrooms was proved by proximate analysis and detection of phenolic compounds and flavonoids. The antioxidant activity verified by DPPH, ferric-reducing ability of plasma, and ABTS analyses revealed that the empty fruit bunch fiber with sawdust had higher activity than the other substrates.


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