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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
インパクトファクター: 1.423 5年インパクトファクター: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN 印刷: 1521-9437
ISSN オンライン: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v17.i4.20
pages 331-338

Effects of Comb Tooth Cap Medicinal Mushroom, Hericium ramosum (Higher Basidiomycetes) Mycelia on DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity and Nerve Growth Factor Synthesis

Kohei Suruga
International Operation Department, FM Center for Research & Development, Kibun Foods Inc., Tokyo, Japan
Kazunari Kadokura
International Operation Department, FM Center for Research & Development, Kibun Foods Inc., Tokyo, Japan
Yoshihiro Sekino
International Operation Department, FM Center for Research & Development, Kibun Foods Inc., Tokyo, Japan
Takafumi Nakano
Department of Neuropharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
Koichi Matsuo
Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Care Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
Keiichi Irie
Department of Neuropharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
Kenichi Mishima
Department of Neuropharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
Makoto Yoneyama
I.M.C Institution, Yamanashi, Japan
Yasuhiro Komatsu
Kitasato Institution for Life Science, Kitasato University, Tokyo, Japan; Sun R&D Institute for Natural Medicines Co., Inc., Tokyo, Japan

要約

The goal of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effects of and nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis caused by Hericium ramosum mycelia. Wild mushroom fruiting bodies were collected from nature to isolate their mycelia. Pieces of H. ramosum fruiting bodies were plated onto 90-mm Petri dishes with potato dextrose agar medium to isolate their mycelia. Antioxidant activity was measured using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity in vitro; the ethanol extract from H. ramosum mycelia (63.11 µmol Trolox/g) was more potent than that of other mushroom mycelia extracts. There was a proportional relationship (R2 = 0.7929) between DPPH radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content in extracts of different mushroom mycelia. We investigated the ability of H. ramosum mycelia to inducing NGF synthesis in vivo. Oral administration of H. ramosum mycelia significantly increased concentrations of NGF in the hippocampus of intact mice. These results are the first concerning antioxidant activity and NGF synthesis of H. ramosum mycelia. These mushroom mycelia could be useful as food and/or nutritional supplements because of certain biological functions.


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