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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
インパクトファクター: 1.423 5年インパクトファクター: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 印刷: 1521-9437
ISSN オンライン: 1940-4344

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019033173
pages 31-43

Outdoor-Cultivated Royal Sun Medicinal Mushroom Agaricus brasiliensis KA21 (Agaricomycetes) Reduces Anticancer Medicine Side Effects

Katsuya Tajima
Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan
Hoichi Amano
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, USA 02115
Akitomo Motoi
Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan; Toei Shinyaku Co., Ltd., 1-11-23 Shimorenjaku, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0013, Japan
Daisuke Yamanaka
Laboratory for Immunopharmacology of Microbial Products, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan
Ken-Ichi Ishibashi
Laboratory for Immunopharmacology of Microbial Products, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan
Yoshiyuki Adachi
Laboratory for Immunopharmacology of Microbial Products, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan
Naohito Ohno
Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences School of Pharmacy, Lab Immunopharmacological and Microbiological Production, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji Tokyo, 192-0392, Japan

要約

We investigated whether outdoor-cultivated Agaricus brasiliensis (KA21) could reduce the side effects caused by the anticancer medicine 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The adverse effects of 5-FU were analyzed in mice by orally administering the drug every day for 5 days. Leukopenia, diarrhea, body weight loss, anorexia, kidney injury, gastrointestinal tract injury, and hair loss were evaluated as side effects. We determined whether these side effects were reduced by the intake of outdoor-cultivated A. brasiliensis. The side effects were reduced in mice receiving the outdoor-cultivated A. brasiliensis but not in those receiving the indoor-cultivated A. brasiliensis. These results suggest that outdoor-cultivated A. brasiliensis is beneficial in reducing the side effects of the anticancer medicine and might, therefore, be useful in improving the quality of life of patients with cancer. Furthermore, because antioxidants have been reported to contribute to the suppression of the side effects of anticancer medicines, the antioxidant activities of different mushrooms were determined. The antioxidant activity of the outdoor-cultivated A. brasiliensis was the highest among all the tested mushrooms. These findings make it clear that the cultivation conditions of A. brasiliensis are important in suppressing the side effects of anticancer medicines. Strong antioxidant activity might be one of the mechanisms through which this pharmacological activity is mediated.

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