ライブラリ登録: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begellデジタルライブラリー 電子書籍 ジャーナル 参考文献と会報 リサーチ集
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer
ESCI SJR: 0.146

ISSN 印刷: 2169-2785
ISSN オンライン: 2167-857X

Open Access

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2019030604
pages 409-420

CHARACTERISTICS OF CARBON DIOXIDE BUBBLES AND METHANOL SOLUTION FLOW IN INTERDIGITATED CHANNELS UNDER DIFFERENT ROTATING ANGLES

Fang Ye
MOE Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
Jie Lin Jia
MOE Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100124, China
Hang Guo
MOE Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100124, China
Chong Fang Ma
MOE Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, and Beijing Key Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100124, China
Dmitry V. Zaitsev
Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS, 1, Lavrentiev Ave, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Oleg A. Kabov
Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1, Acad. Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia; Institute of Power Engineering, National Tomsk Polytechnic Research University, 7, Usova Street, Tomsk, 634050, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

要約

Study on mass transfer in cells under different factors is of great significance for improving the output capacity of direct methanol fuel cells. The influence of flow-field orientations on mass transfer in anode interdigitated channels of a liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cell is experimentally studied. The cell is at an angle of 30°, 60°, and 90° in the clockwise and counterclockwise direction, and characteristics of carbon dioxide bubbles and methanol solution flow are observed since the two-phase flow is directly related to the supply of reactants and discharge of products. Results show that the velocities of the carbon dioxide bubbles decrease as the channel rotates closer to the horizontal direction. The voltage decreases as the rotation angles increase.

参考

  1. Achmad, F., Kamarudin, S.K., Daud, W.R.W., and Majlan, E.H., Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cells for Portable Electronic Devices, Appl. Energy, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 1681–1689, 2011.

  2. Argyropoulos, P., Scott, K., Shukla, A.K., and Jackson, C., A Semi-Empirical Model of the Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Performance: Part I. Model Development and Verification, J. Power Sources, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 190–199, 2003.

  3. Cao, X.Q., Han, J.T., Chen, P.P., and Yu, Z.T., Effect of Anode and Cathode Flow Fields on Performance of Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, J. CIESC, vol. 64, no. 5, pp. 1780–1788, 2013.

  4. Chen, R., Zhao, T.S., and Liu, J.G., Effect of Cell Orientation on the Performance of Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, J. Power Sources., vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 351–357, 2006.

  5. Fang, S., Zhang, Y.F., Zou, Y.Z., Sang, S.T., and Liu, X.W., Structural Design and Analysis of a Passive DMFC Supplied with Concentrated Methanol Solution, Energy, vol. 128, pp. 50–61, 2017.

  6. Fei, K., Chen, T.S., and Hong, C.W., Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Bubble Transport Simulations via Thermal Lattice Boltzmann and Volume of Fluid Methods, J. Power Sources, vol. 195, no. 7, pp. 1940–1945, 2010.

  7. Guo, H., Liu, X., Zhao, J.F., Ye, F., and Ma, C.F., Effect of Low Gravity on Water Removal inside Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) with Different Flow Channel Configurations, Energy, vol. 112, pp. 926–934, 2016.

  8. Guo, H., Wu, F., Ye, F., Zhao, J.F., Wan, S.X., Lu, C.P., and Ma, C.F., Two-Phase Flow in Anode Flow Field of a Small Direct Methanol Fuel Cell in Different Gravities, Sci. China, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 1576–1582, 2009.

  9. Han, Y. and Zhan, J.M., The Impact of Channel Assembled Angle on Proton ExchangeMembrane Fuel Cell Performance, J. Power Sources., vol. 195, no. 19, pp. 6586–6597, 2010.

  10. Hashemi, R., Yousefi, S., and Faraji, M., Experimental Studying of the Effect of Active Area on the Performance of Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Ionics, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 1–12, 2015.

  11. Jia, J.L., Guo, H., Ye, F., Ma, C.F., and Kabov, O.A., Effect of Parallel Channels Orientation on Two-Phase Flow and Performance of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Interf. Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 197–208, 2018.

  12. Kamarudin, S.K., Achmad, F., and Daud,W.R.W., Overview on the Application of DirectMethanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) for Portable Electronic Devices, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 34, no. 16, pp. 6902–6916, 2009.

  13. Kong, J., Study of Two-Phase Flow in Small Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, MSD, Beijing University of Technology, 2007.

  14. Li, X. and Faghri, A., Review and Advances of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs) Part I: Design, Fabrication, and Testing with High Concentration Methanol Solutions, J. Power Sources, vol. 226, no. 6, pp. 223–240, 2013.

  15. Liao, Q., Zhu, X., Zheng, X.Y., and Ding, Y.D., Visualization Study on the Dynamics of CO<sub>2</sub> Bubbles in Anode Channels and Performance of a DMFC, J. Power Sources, vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 644–651, 2007.

  16. Lu, G.Q. and Wang, C.Y., Electrochemical and Flow Characterization of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, J. Power Sources, vol. 134, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2004.

  17. Lu, Z.J., Rath, C., Zhang, G.S., and Kandlikar, S.G., Water Management Studies in PEM Fuel Cells, Part IV: Effects of Channel Surface Wettability, Geometry and Orientation on the Two-Phase Flow in Parallel Gas Channels, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 36, no. 16, pp. 9864–9875, 2011.

  18. Mallick, R.K. and Thombre, S.B., Performance of Passive DMFC with Expanded Metal Mesh Current Collectors, Electrochim. Acta, vol. 243, pp. 299–309, 2017.

  19. Oliveira, V.B., Rangel, C.M., and Pinto, A.M.F.R., Effect of Anode and Cathode Flow Field Design on the Performance of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Chem. Eng. J., vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 174–180, 2010.

  20. Shrivastava, N.K., Thombre, S.B., and Chadge, R.B., Liquid Feed Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cell: Challenges and Recent Advances, Ionics, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 2016.

  21. Ting, G., Sun, J., Deng, H., Xie, X., Jiao, K., and Huang, X.R., Investigation of Cell Orientation Effect on Transient Operation of Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 41, no. 15, pp. 6493–6507, 2016.

  22. Xu, G., Wu, J., Wen, J., Bao, Y., and Huang, Q., Design of a Battery Group High-Precision Measurement System based on Error Analysis, Yi Qi Yi Biao Xue Bao—Chinese J. Sci. Instrument, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1989–1997, 2013.

  23. Yang, H., Zhao, T.S., and Ye, Q., Pressure Drop Behavior in the Anode Flow Field of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, J. Power Sources, vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 117–124, 2005a.

  24. Yang, H., Zhao, T.S., and Ye, Q., In Situ Visualization Study of CO<sub>2</sub> Gas Bubble Behavior in DMFC Anode Flow Fields, J. Power Sources, vol. 139, nos. 1–2, pp. 79–90, 2005b.

  25. Yang, W.W. and Zhao, T.S., A Transient Two-Phase Mass Transport Model for Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, J. Power Sources, vol. 185, no. 2, pp. 1131–1140, 2008.

  26. Ye, F., Jia, J.L., Guo, H., and Ma, C.F., Visual Observation of Two-Phase Flow in Interdigitated Channels of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Interf. Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 337–349, 2017a.

  27. Ye, F., Jia, J.L., Guo, H., and Ma, C.F., Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Parallel Channels of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, Interf. Phenom. Heat Transf., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 309–319, 2017b.

  28. Ye, F., Kong, J., Guo, H., and Ma, C.F., Experimental Study of a Two-Phase Flow of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells with a Three- Channel Serpentine Anode Flow Field, J. Eng. Thermophys., vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1509–1512, 2009.

  29. Yousefi, S. and Zohoor, M., Conceptual Design and Statistical Overview on the Design of a Passive DMFC Single Cell, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 5972–5980, 2014.

  30. Zhao, T.S., Xu, C., Chen, R., and Yang, W.W., Mass Transport Phenomena in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 275–292, 2009.


Articles with similar content:

EFFECT OF PARALLEL CHANNELS ORIENTATION ON TWO-PHASE FLOW AND PERFORMANCE OF A DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer, Vol.6, 2018, issue 3
Jie Lin Jia, Fang Ye, Chong Fang Ma, Hang Guo, Oleg A. Kabov
VISUAL OBSERVATION OF TWO-PHASE FLOW IN INTERDIGITATED CHANNELS OF A DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL
Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer, Vol.5, 2017, issue 4
Fang Ye, Jie Lin Jia, Chong Fang Ma, Hang Guo
FLOW DISTRIBUTION OF FUEL NOZZLES FOR A COMBUSTOR IN A MICRO GAS TURBINE
First Thermal and Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, Vol.7, 2015, issue
Tae Hoon Kim, Yong-Shik Han, Byung-ll Choi , Myung-Bae Kim, Kyu Hyung Do
TWO-PHASE FLOW IN ANODE INTERDIGITAL FLOW BED OF A LIQUID FED DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL
International Heat Transfer Conference 13, Vol.0, 2006, issue
Jie Lin Jia, Fang Ye, J. Kong, Chong Fang Ma, Hang Guo
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF ICE CRYSTAL MELTING ALONG STRAIGHT LINE
International Heat Transfer Conference 16, Vol.18, 2018, issue
Wei Dong, Mei Zheng, Feifei Jiang