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Catalysis in Green Chemistry and Engineering

ISSN 印刷: 2572-9896
ISSN オンライン: 2572-990X

Catalysis in Green Chemistry and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CatalGreenChemEng.2018028174
pages 277-291

NOVELTIES OF Mg-Al CALCINED HYDROTALCITE CATALYZED ONE-POT SYNTHESIS OF 2-PHENYL-1,3-DINITROPROPANE: REACTION MECHANISM AND KINETICS

Anup A. Kadam
Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai 400019, India
Ganapati D. Yadav
Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai, Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai 400019, India

要約

Aryl-substituted dinitroalkanes are important synthons in organic chemistry. 2-Phenyl-1,3-dinitropropane was synthesized using Mg-Al calcined hydrotalcite as a solid base catalyst. The reaction proceeds through nitroaldol condensation, followed by a Michael-type addition. The effects of various parameters were studied. A catalyst with Mg-Al ratio of 3:1 was found to be the most active. Selectivity of 100% was obtained for the desired product. The catalyst could readily be recycled without much loss of activity. A kinetic model was developed based on the experimental data.