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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN 印刷: 0896-2960
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v8.i1-2.10
pages 1-18

Current Trends in Pressure Ulcer Research

Gladys P. Rodriguez
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas
Kathleen Pace Murphy
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas

要約

Pressure ulcers are most prevalent among persons with limited mobility, mental confusion, and/ or malnutrition. Prolonged, unrelieved pressure over a bony prominence interrupts blood flow to the tissues, leading to tissue necrosis and eventual development of an ulcer. Traditionally, research has focused on measuring the forces necessary to produce an ulcer and devising means of minimizing those forces. Recently, methods to predict pressure ulcer risk and to prevent pressure ulcer development have received more attention. Dressings and pressure relief materials have been improved to accelerate healing, and new treatments, such as growth factors and electrical stimulation, are receiving increased attention.


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