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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

ISSN 印刷: 0896-2960
ISSN オンライン: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.2015014122
pages 19-34

The Effect of Low-Volume, High-Intensity Interval Training on Blood Glucose Markers, Anthropometric Measurements, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Michael Curry
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia, USA
Saurabh P Mehta
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia
Justin C. Chaffin
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia, USA
Eric Duran
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia, USA
Brian Washington
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia, USA
Sujoy S. Bose
School of Physical Therapy, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia, USA

要約

The profound biologic, and societal burden of the syndrome of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is subject of much ongoing research. There is significant interest in nonpharmacologic glycemic control, principally by exercise. While beneficial effects of generic exercise on glucose metabolism have been well established in the literature, there is a paucity of research on the volume, intensity, and type of the most optimal forms of exercise that affect glycemic physiology in those with type 2 DM. The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review of the impact of high-intensity interval training (HUT) on glycemic control in people with type 2 DM. A systematic search using predefined keywords was performed on PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, and Cochrane Register of Randomized Trials. Six studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The results of this study indicated that exercises have favorable effects on glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The individuals who underwent HIIT experienced reduced glucose concentration, HbA1c level, systolic blood pressure, and BMI. However, the HIIT did not have any superior benefits when compared to the moderate-intensity continuous exercise regime. In light of these findings, this review strongly recommends at least moderate-intensity exercises, if not HIIT, in improving health outcomes in patients with type 2 DM.