Inscrição na biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digital Begell Biblioteca digital da Begell eBooks Diários Referências e Anais Coleções de pesquisa
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.905 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Imprimir: 1072-8325
ISSN On-line: 1940-431X

Volumes:
Volume 27, 2021 Volume 26, 2020 Volume 25, 2019 Volume 24, 2018 Volume 23, 2017 Volume 22, 2016 Volume 21, 2015 Volume 20, 2014 Volume 19, 2013 Volume 18, 2012 Volume 17, 2011 Volume 16, 2010 Volume 15, 2009 Volume 14, 2008 Volume 13, 2007 Volume 12, 2006 Volume 11, 2005 Volume 10, 2004 Volume 9, 2003 Volume 8, 2002 Volume 7, 2001 Volume 6, 2000 Volume 5, 1999 Volume 4, 1998 Volume 3, 1997 Volume 2, 1995 Volume 1, 1994

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2014006999
pages 235-256

PERCEIVED BARRIERS TO HIGHER EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS

Allison Scott
Level Playing Field Institute, 2201 Broadway, Suite 101, Oakland, California 94612, USA
Alexis Martin
Level Playing Field Institute, 2201 Broadway, Suite 101, Oakland, California 94612, USA

RESUMO

The underrepresentation of people of color in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) has become an increasing concern nationwide, with efforts focused on understanding mechanisms causing underrepresentation and implementing policies and interventions to increase diversity within STEM fields. Given the structural barriers in educational access and opportunity and the social/psychological barriers facing underrepresented students of color, this study utilizes frameworks of stress, coping, and stigmatization within a sample of 152 high-performing high school students of color to: (a) Examine students' perceptions of internal and external barriers to STEM higher education, (b) Address the intersectionality of race and gender by assessing whether perceptions of barriers vary by race and gender, (c) Explore relationships between perceived barriers and STEM aspirations, and (d) Examine coping mechanisms to overcome perceived barriers to STEM degrees. Survey and focus group results revealed that despite academic ability, students perceived high levels of internal and external barriers to pursuing STEM studies in higher education. While these perceptions did not impact attitudes toward math and science, they were significantly related to a decrease in STEM career aspirations. Male students perceived significantly fewer internal and external barriers than female students, indicating unique challenges faced by female students of color. Despite perceiving internal and external barriers, students demonstrated confidence in overcoming barriers and discussed positive and adaptive coping strategies. This study concludes with implications for improving opportunities for students of color to enter and persist in STEM fields through K-12, higher education, and out-of-school programming, research, and policy.


Articles with similar content:

LEARNING WHILE BLACK: IDENTITY FORMATION AND EXPERIENCE FOR FIVE BLACK MEN WHO TRANSFERRED INTO ENGINEERING UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.26, 2020, issue 2
Felicia Onuma, Bruk Berhane, Stephen Secules
THE UNDERGRADUATE STEM RESEARCH EXPERIENCES OF AFRICAN AMERICAN MALES AT A HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.19, 2013, issue 2
Jann Adams, Cheryl B. Leggon, Willie Pearson, Jr., Ulrica Wilson, Sinead Younge
BLACK MALES AND EARLY MATH ACHIEVEMENT: AN EXAMINATION OF STUDENTS' STRENGTHS AND ROLE STRAIN WITH POLICY IMPLICATIONS
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.25, 2019, issue 4
Faheemah N. Mustafaa, Krystal L. Williams, Brian A. Burt
RETHINKING RACE IN STUDENT-FACULTY INTERACTIONS AND MENTORING RELATIONSHIPS WITH UNDERGRADUATE AFRICAN AMERICAN ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE MAJORS
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.21, 2015, issue 4
Christopher B. Newman
STEM STUDENT-FACULTY RELATIONSHIPS: THE INFLUENCE OF RACE AND GENDER ON ACCESS TO CAREER-RELATED OPPORTUNITIES
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.26, 2020, issue 5
Roshan M. Parikh, Julie J. Park, Cinthya Salazar