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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering
SJR: 0.202 SNIP: 0.2 CiteScore™: 0.23

ISSN Imprimir: 0040-2508
ISSN On-line: 1943-6009

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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v54.i4.70
pages 60-67

Capillary Discharges in Rotating Fluids

A. V. Yurkin
General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova, 38, Moscow, 117942, Russia
I. V. Sokolov
General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova, 38, Moscow, 117942, Russia

RESUMO

The production of gas channels in liquids is of great interest for a number of applications, since such the channels make it possible to obtain reusable high-power capillary discharges with self-recovering capillaries, without the ordinarity observed degradation of the properties and damage to the surfaces of walls. We have performed simple experiments on the production of gas channels in rotating liquids and in liquids flowing around different bodies. A gas bubble with required composition was introduced into or remained in the liquid (water, vacuum oils, alcohol), and the liquid was made to rotate or rotated as it flowed through special structures. Electric breakdown was investigated in argon between two electrodes in the gas channel formed during rotation.
We expect that gas channels have tremendous prospects for applications in many areas of physics; for example, it is possible to apply these channels for periodic pulses generation in soft x-ray lasers or for channeling powerful laser pulses and particle beams.


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