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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
CiteScore™: 2.43 Fator do impacto: 2.414 FI de cinco anos: 3.324 SNIP: 0.551 SJR: 0.573

ISSN Imprimir: 0743-4863
ISSN On-line: 2162-660X

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Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.2016016272
pages 363-400

Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Current Treatment Strategies and Nanotechnology-Based Approaches for Prevention and Therapy

Sankalp A. Gharat
Department of Pharmaceutics, SVKM's Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, India
Munira Momin
SVKM's Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy
Chintan Bhavsar
Department of Pharmaceutics, SVKM's Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Mumbai, India


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common type of oral cancer; it involves damage to oral epithelial cells due to accumulation of multiple genetic mutations in the cells. OSCC remains major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with head and neck cancers. Tobacco, smoking, alcohol consumption alone or with chewing tobacco, and betel quid are potential carcinogens contributing to the high occurrence of OSCC. Current treatment modalities for OSCC like chemoradiotherapy, surgery, EGFR inhibitors and COX-2 inhibitors, and photodynamic therapy have led to the major problems related to non-specific cell death. Nanoengineered systems offer solutions to these problems that not only minimize the major drawbacks of nonspecific cell death but also maximize the efficacy of the cancer therapeutic agents. Various efficacious nanotechnology-based carrier systems are being widely investigated for their potential in OSCC treatment: polymeric nanoparticles, polymeric micelles, nanoemulsions and layered nanoemulsions, nanoliposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles and nanolipid carriers, cyclodextrin complexes, hydrogels, metallic nanoparticles, nanocarbon tubes, and receptor mediated drug delivery systems. We highlight the etiology, line of the treatment and chemopreventive measures related to OSCC. We focus on data available in the research carried out worldwide in past 15 years related to the management of OSCC.