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Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis
SJR: 0.631 SNIP: 0.503 CiteScore™: 2

ISSN Imprimir: 0893-9675
ISSN On-line: 2162-6448

Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevOncog.v9.i1.60
pages 83-98

Mechanisms of p53-Mediated Apoptosis

Han-Fei Ding
Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
David E. Fisher
Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

RESUMO

p53-mediated apoptosis of cells with DNA damage or oncogene overexpression is a major mechanism for its function as a tumor suppressor. Both transcriptionally dependent and transcriptionally independent activities of p53 can play a role in mediating cell death. It appears that p53 can induce apoptosis by multiple pathways in a manner which is regulated in a cell type and signal-specific fashion. Understanding the biochemical mechanisms of p53-dependent apoptosis holds a promise of manipulating these pathways in cancer therapy.