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Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis
SJR: 0.631 SNIP: 0.503 CiteScore™: 2.2

ISSN Imprimir: 0893-9675
ISSN On-line: 2162-6448

Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevOncog.2020034969
pages 21-30

Autophagy-Induced Drug Resistance in Liver Cancer

Rahul Kumar Vempati
Cancer Biology Lab, Department of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, GIS, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam, India
Rama Rao Malla
Cancer Biology Lab, Department of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, GIS, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam-530045, Andhra Pradesh, India

RESUMO

Autophagy is a self-destructive process that occurs in the cells during abnormal conditions like protein aggregation due to misfolding, nutrient deprivation, damage to vital cell organelles, pathogenic infections, and during cancer. Typically, autophagy plays a key role in the renovation of new cells by balancing the equilibrium between cell death and cell renewal. Dysregulation of autophagy has a profound effect on protein turnover, mitochondrial homeostasis, clearance of damaged organelles, and cellular metabolism, which lead to neurodegenerative, metabolic, and proliferative diseases. Despite its antitumorigenic role, autophagy can promote cell proliferation by enhancing chemotherapeutic resistance in liver cancer. In the present review, we provide a comprehensive overview and discussion on the role of autophagy in the drug-resistant mechanisms of liver cancer.

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